First Aid


Question Answer Notes
What is the first step in controlling bleeding? A. Direct pressure; B. Tourniquet; C. Sutures; D. Bandage A. Direct pressure  
What must you do before performing first aid on a conscious victim? A. Start CPR; B. Provide direct pressure; C. Ask for consent; D. Perform the Heimlich Maneuver C. Ask for consent Expressed consent: Must be obtained from every conscious, mentally competent adult before treatment is started. Patient must be informed on what type of aid is being prformed so they have enough information to consent. Implied consent: Involves an unresponsive victim in a life-threatening condition. It is assumed or “implied” that an unresponsive victim would consent to lifesaving help.
True or false: A head injury may indicate a spinal injury. True  
Can a person trained in first aid administer an EpiPen injection? Yes In 2012 the Medicines Act was broadened to state that any lay person can administer adrenalin for the purpose of saving a life. Seek emergency medical attention after any use of epinephrine to treat a severe allergic reaction. After the injection you will need to receive further treatment and observation.
Which two are symptoms of a stroke? A. Facial droop; B. Severe bleeding; C. Weakness on both sides of body; D. Problems speaking A. Facial droop; D. Problems speaking FAST: Facial droop, arm drift, speech, time
What factors affect the severity of electrical shock? A. Length of time in contact; B. Path of travel through the body; C. Amount of current; D. All of the above; E. None of the above D. All of the above  
What can you do if you suspect someone is suffering from a diabetic emergency? A. Give them sugar; B. Give them abdominal thrusts; C. Call for an AED; D. Check for bleeding A. Give them sugar Provided sugar must be actual sugar and not an artificial sweetener like in diet soda.
What is the universal sign for choking? A. The victim announces that they are choking; B. Coughing; C. Hands wrapped around neck; D. Panic C. Hands wrapped around neck  
A person is having chest pains, pressure in the chest, and pain radiating from their left side. Do you need to call 911 and why or why not? Yes, they are exhibiting signs of a heart attack  
What is the greatest risk with third degree burns? A. Infection; B. Loss of blood; C. Death; D. Unconsciousness A. Infection  
What is true about an AED? A. It monitor’s a person’s vital signs; B. It provides a shock if necessary; C. It is safe to use; D. All of the above D. All of the above  
Name four signs or symptoms of shock. Cool, clammy skin; weakness or fatigue; dizziness or fainting; pale or ashen skin; bluish or gray lips or fingernails; changes in mental status or behavior; rapid pulse; rapid breathing; nausea or vomiting  
Which should be the initial first aid treatment to control external bleeding? A. Apply a tourniquet; B. Apply bandages and then remove once saturated; C. Apply direct pressure and elevate even if painful; D. Apply direct pressure and elevate if comfortable D. Apply direct pressure and elevate if comfortable  
In a first aid situation, what four questions should you ask to determine if the scene is safe for you, the victim, and other miners? If a hazard caused the injury or illness, is it still present?; Are you trained to assist?; Have hazardous activities around the victim stopped?; Do you have appropriate PPE?  
Name two key first aid treatments that can promote blood clotting for a victim with severe external bleeding. Keeping warm; keeping still; elevation; direct pressure; not removing saturated dressings  
What is it called when someone who is unresponsive would consent to lifesaving help? A. The Good Samaritan Law; B. Inferred consent; C. Implied consent; D. The Samaritan Way C. Implied consent  
What is the first thing you should do when you come upon an emergency? Assess the situation (i.e., Initial Assessment)  
In a first aid situation, what do the initials ABC stand for? Airway, breathing, circulation  
Who fights explosives fires? A. Mine rescue; B. Local fire departments; C. MSHA; D. No one D. No one  
Name one method for controlling bleeding. Direct pressure; elevation; tourniquet  
True or false: When you have suffered a third degree burn, there is no initial edema or pain. True  
Which of these is not something you would do for someone in shock? A. Lay the victim on their back; B. Cover them with blankets; C. Administer pain medication; D. Raise their legs eight to twelve inches C. Administer pain medication  
In a heart attack situation, what is imperative that you do first? A. Administer an AED; B. Start CPR; C. Call 911; D. Get the victim their medication C. Call 911  
True or false: Hands-only CPR is not effective and should be avoided. False